Helmholtz-Center Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany
Quantum states in low-dimensional spin systems are characterized by their characteristic spin dynamics. In this seminar, I will talk about our recent works on terahertz spectroscopy of quantum spin dynamics in low-dimensional quantum magnets, such as quantum spin dimer, quantum spin chain, and two-dimensional frustrated magnet. I will briefly introduce how spin excitations in a spin system could be probed and magnetic interactions be determined by terahertz spectroscopy . The main focus of the seminar will be on dynamics of a spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising antiferromagnetic chain for longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields [2–5]. In addition to the well-known low-energy spin dynamics, I will show that high-energy excitations, such as confined spinons  and Bethe strings , are realized in the spin chain system for a longitudinal field. Moreover, in a transverse field, our study of spin dynamics allowed us to identify a quantum critical point of the transverse-field Ising-chain [4,5]. The experimental results are very well compared to theoretical calculations, as the spin chain model is exactly solvable [6,7]. In addition, spin dynamics in α-RuCl3, a candidate for realizing quantum spin liquid, will be discussed .
 ZW et al. Phys. Rev. B 89, 174406 (2014).
 ZW et al. Phys. Rev. B 91, 140404(R) (2015).
 ZW et al. Nature 554, 219–223 (2018).
 ZW et al. Phys. Rev. B 94, 125130 (2016).
 ZW et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 207205 (2018).
 Wang Yang et al. arXiv:1702.01854 (2017)
 Jianda Wu et al. Phys. Rev. B 97, 245127 (2018).
 ZW et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 227202 (2017).
Brief CV of Dr. Zhe Wang:
Dr. Zhe Wang studied physics in Nanjing Universtity, and obtained his master (2010) and doctor degrees (2015) at the University of Augsburg, Germany. Since 2017, he has been a director’s postdoctoral fellow in the Helmholtz-Center Dresden-Rossendorf, Germany. His research focuses on linear and nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of condensed matter, particularly on quantum magnetism, unconventional superconductivity, and multiferroics.